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|Ch 19 Test|
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. Ozone which contributes to the formation of smog is found in the
a. troposphere. b. thermosphere. c. mesosphere. d. stratosphere. e. mesopause.
____ 2. The most harmful forms of suspended particulate matter (SPM) are typically
a. fine particles (PM-10) and ultra fine particles (PM-2.5) b. coarse particles (PM-15) and fine particles (PM-10) c. aerosols d. sea salt nuclei e. wild fire particles
____ 3. Photochemical smog generally requires the presence of
a. nitrogen oxides. b. sunlight. c. volatile organic compounds. d. All of these answers. e. b and c only.
____ 4. Photochemical smog is formed when primary pollutants interact with
a. sunlight. b. water vapor. c. sulfur dioxide. d. oxygen. e. carbon.
____ 5. Which of the following would not be a factor that reduces outdoor air pollution?
a. Particles that are heavier than air settle out of the atmosphere. b. Rain and snow wash pollutants out of the atmosphere. c. Winds sweep pollutants away. d. Chemical reactions convert pollutants into benign chemicals. e. Radiation from the sun converts pollutants into benign chemicals.
____ 6. Which is of the following would be likely to increase outdoor air pollution?
a. Wide open landscapes transport pollutants. b. Hills and valleys increase the flow of air in valleys c. Higher temperatures decrease chemical reactions leading to more photochemical smog formation. d. FOC emissions from certain trees and plants can play a large role in creating photochemical smog. e. Temperature inversions can help to disperse pollutants.
____ 7. Which of the following statements is true?
a. Temperature inversion occurs when a layer of cold air prevents warm air from rising. b. Temperature inversions exacerbate pollution problems. c. Temperature inversions last only a few minutes to a few hours. d. Normally, cool air near earth's surface expands and rises, carrying pollutants higher into the troposphere. e. Temperature inversions help prevent air pollution
____ 8. A temperature inversion is the result of
a. precipitation. b. cold air drainage. c. a lid of warm air on top of cooler, stagnant air. d. a cold blanket of air that prevents warm air from rising. e. mixing of cool and warm air.
____ 9. Acid deposition is properly defined as the ____ deposition of ____ pollutants onto earth's surface.
a. wet . . . secondary b. dry . . . secondary c. wet and dry . . . primary d. wet and dry . . . secondary e. dry . . . primary
____ 10. Acid deposition has been linked to
a. contamination of fish with highly toxic methylmercury. b. excessive soil nitrogen levels. c. reduced nutrient uptake by tree roots. d. weakening trees so they become more susceptible to other types of damage. e. All of these answers.
____ 11. Radioactive ____ is a product of uranium decay and an indoor air pollutant.
a. radon b. radium c. plutonium d. lead e. hydrogen
____ 12. Humans are protected from air pollution by
a. sneezing and coughing. b. mucus capturing small particles. c. nasal hairs filtering out large particles. d. tiny mucus-coated hairlike structures called cilia. e. All of these answers.
____ 13. An emissions trading policy tried on ____ cut U.S. emissions by 52%.
a. carbon oxides. b. sulfur dioxide. c. asbestos. d. lead. e. carbon dioxide
____ 14. Indoor air pollution could be sharply reduced by
a. modifying building codes to prevent radon infiltration. b. requiring exhaust hoods or vent pipes for stoves, refrigerators, or other appliances burning natural gas or other fossil fuels. c. setting emission standards for building materials. d. use office machine in well-ventilated areas. e. All of these answers.
____ 15. On the sources and types of air pollutants figure, choose the letter that represents CO, CO2, SO2, NO, NO2, most hydrocarbons, and most suspended particles.
____ 16. On the sources and types of air pollutants figure, choose the letter that represents SO3, HNO3, H3SO4, H2O2, O3, PANs, most and salts.
____ 17. On the acid deposition figure, choose the letter that represents the wet acid deposition.
____ 18. On the acid deposition figure, choose the letter that represents the transformation to sulfuric acid and nitric acid.
Ch 19 Test
1. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: E TOP: Air Pollution
2. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: D TOP: Air Pollution
3. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: M TOP: Urban Outdoor Air Pollution
4. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: E TOP: Urban Outdoor Air Pollution
5. ANS: E PTS: 1 DIF: E TOP: Urban Outdoor Air Pollution
6. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: E TOP: Urban Outdoor Air Pollution
7. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: D TOP: Urban Outdoor Air Pollution
8. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: M TOP: Urban Outdoor Air Pollution
9. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: M TOP: Acid Deposition
10. ANS: E PTS: 1 DIF: D TOP: Acid Deposition
11. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: E TOP: Indoor Air Pollution
12. ANS: E PTS: 1 DIF: M TOP: Health Effects of Air Pollution
13. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: E
TOP: Preventing and Reducing Air Pollution
14. ANS: E PTS: 1 DIF: D
TOP: Preventing and Reducing Air Pollution
15. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: Labeling
16. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: Labeling
17. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: Labeling
18. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: E OBJ: Labeling